• Japanese Innovation, now in India!

Key benefits of implementing a Daiki Axis waste water treatment plant in urban areas.

The wastewater treatment plant is an essential infrastructure in modern societies, ensuring the protection of public health and the environment. These facilities treat sewage and industrial wastewater to remove pollutants before the water is returned to nature or reused. The primary goal of wastewater treatment plants is to prevent pollution of water bodies, protect ecosystems, and support sustainable water management. The treatment process involves various stages, including physical, chemical, and biological methods, to effectively remove contaminants from wastewater.

What is Wastewater

With its vast population and industrial base, India generates a substantial amount of wastewater daily. This wastewater comes from various sources, such as domestic activities, industrial processes, and agricultural runoff. Unfortunately, a significant portion of this wastewater is discharged untreated into water bodies, leading to severe pollution and environmental degradation.

The repercussions of untreated wastewater are profound, affecting the environment and public health. Waterborne diseases, contamination of groundwater sources, and ecosystem disruption are just a few examples of the consequences of inadequate wastewater management. As such, there is an urgent need for comprehensive wastewater treatment strategies to safeguard our water resources and ensure a sustainable future.

Types of wastewater treatment plants

Wastewater treatment plants are essential facilities that remove pollutants from wastewater before it is discharged into the environment or reused for various purposes. These plants employ different treatment processes based on the scale, type of wastewater, regulatory requirements, and environmental considerations. Here are the main types of wastewater treatment plants:

Primary Treatment Plants:
  • These plants focus on removing large solids and debris from wastewater through physical processes like screening and sedimentation. They are the first stage in wastewater treatment.
Secondary Treatment Plants:
  • Secondary treatment plants use biological processes to break down organic matter in wastewater. Common methods include the activated sludge process and trickling filters.
Tertiary Treatment Plants:
  • Tertiary treatment plants provide further treatment to improve water quality, often using filtration, chemical processes like disinfection, and advanced oxidation methods.
Industrial Wastewater Treatment Plants:
  • These plants specialize in treating wastewater from industrial processes, using a combination of physical, chemical, and biological methods tailored to the specific pollutants present.
Decentralized Treatment Plants:
  • Decentralized plants are smaller-scale facilities serving specific communities or properties. They may include package plants, constructed wetlands, or other compact systems.
Advanced Treatment Plants:
  • Advanced treatment plants utilize cutting-edge technologies like membrane bioreactors, reverse osmosis, and electrochemical treatment to achieve high-quality effluent and address specific contaminants.

Microplastics in Wastewater Treatment Plants

Wastewater treatment plants utilize various processes tailored to the characteristics of incoming water and discharge standards. Conventional treatments include pretreatment, primary and secondary stages, involving bar screening, degreasing, air flotation, primary sedimentation, biofilm/activated sludge processes, and secondary sedimentation. Tertiary treatments, such as sand filtration, advanced oxidation, and membrane filtration, further enhance effluent quality. 

While no method is specifically designed for microplastic (MP) removal, studies show MPs are removed most effectively in primary treatment, followed by secondary and tertiary stages. Biological methods, including activated sludge and biofilm processes, are central, with overall MP removal efficiencies typically ranging from 60% to 90%.

The Role of Wastewater Treatment Plants

Wastewater treatment plants play a pivotal role in mitigating the impact of wastewater on the environment. These plants employ a series of processes to remove contaminants from wastewater before it is discharged into the environment or reused for various purposes. The primary objectives of STPs include:

  • Removal of Suspended Solids: Through processes like sedimentation and filtration, suspended solids such as silt, organic matter, and debris are separated from the wastewater.
  • Biological Treatment: Utilising microorganisms to break down organic pollutants, converting them into harmless byproducts like carbon dioxide and water.
  • Chemical Treatment: Application of chemicals to precipitate or neutralise harmful substances like heavy metals and pathogens.
  • Disinfection: Employing methods like chlorination or ultraviolet (UV) irradiation to eliminate pathogens and ensure the safety of treated wastewater.

Wastewater Reuse

Wastewater reuse, also known as reclaimed water reuse, is a sustainable practice that involves treating wastewater to a quality suitable for various beneficial purposes instead of discharging it into natural water bodies. Reclaimed water can be used for irrigation in agriculture, landscaping, and golf courses, reducing the demand for freshwater resources and conserving water. It is also utilized for industrial processes, cooling systems, toilet flushing in buildings, and groundwater recharge, contributing to water conservation efforts and mitigating water scarcity challenges. Proper treatment processes, stringent quality standards, and regulatory frameworks ensure the safety and suitability of reclaimed water for its intended uses, promoting sustainable water management practices and environmental responsibility.

Daiki Axis India Leads the Innovation in Wastewater Treatment

Daiki Axis India, a pioneer in environmental solutions, has been at the forefront of revolutionising wastewater treatment in the country. With a commitment to sustainability and technological excellence, Daiki Axis India has introduced state-of-the-art solutions that address the challenges posed by wastewater management.

One such innovation is the Johkasou technology, a compact water purification tank that integrates advanced processes to treat wastewater effectively. The Johkasou system, developed in Japan by Daiki Axis, has gained significant traction globally for its efficiency and versatility in treating various types of wastewater.

Johkasou Technology

The Johkasou technology offered by Daiki Axis India has many benefits, making it a preferred choice for wastewater treatment across diverse applications. Some of the key advantages include:

  • Compact Design: The Johkasou system is designed to occupy minimal space, making it ideal for urban and rural settings where land availability may be limited.
  • High Treatment Efficiency: Through a combination of physical, biological, and chemical processes, Johkasou achieves high levels of wastewater treatment, meeting stringent regulatory standards.
  • Versatility: The system can handle various types of wastewater, including domestic sewage, industrial effluents, and agricultural runoff, providing a comprehensive solution for diverse wastewater sources.
  • Energy Efficiency: Incorporating energy-saving features and advanced controls, Johkasou minimises energy consumption during the treatment process, contributing to environmental sustainability.
  • Ease of Maintenance: Daiki Axis India offers comprehensive support and maintenance services for Johkasou systems, ensuring optimal performance and longevity.

Environmental Considerations

Environmental considerations play a crucial role in the operations and practices of Daiki Axis India, ensuring sustainable and eco-friendly solutions in wastewater treatment. Here are some key environmental considerations specific to Daiki Axis India:

  1. Efficient Pollutant Removal: Daiki Axis India focuses on advanced treatment processes that efficiently remove pollutants from wastewater, maintaining water quality and safeguarding ecosystems.
  2. Energy Efficiency: Implementing energy-efficient technologies and practices helps reduce the carbon footprint of wastewater treatment operations, contributing to environmental sustainability.
  3. Water Reuse and Conservation: Daiki Axis India promotes water reuse initiatives, such as treating wastewater for irrigation or non-potable purposes, contributing to water conservation efforts and reducing freshwater demand.


As we navigate the challenges posed by rapid urbanisation, industrial growth, and environmental degradation, wastewater treatment becomes increasingly crucial. With its cutting-edge technologies and sustainable solutions, Daiki Axis is paving the way for a brighter, cleaner future.

Innovations like Johkasou technology and promoting responsible wastewater practices mitigate pollution, protect our water resources, and build resilient communities. The journey towards sustainable wastewater management is a collective endeavour. With concerted efforts, we can unlock a world where wastewater is not a problem but a valuable resource for the planet.

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